Marty won the Oscar for Best Motion Picture of 1955, and picked up another three, Best Director (Delbert Mann), Best Actor (Ernest Borgnine) and Best Writing, Adapted Screenplay (Paddy Chayefsky). Betsy Blair and Joe Mantell were nominated for Best Supporting Actress and Actor respectively, and it also got nominations for Best Art Direction-Set Direction and Best Black-and-White Cinematography. The other contenders for Best Motion Picture were Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing, Mister Roberts, Picnic and The Rose Tattoo. I haven’t seen any of them.
IMDB users rank Marty 15th or 11th of the films of 1955. Six films are ahead of it on both rankings: Rebel Without A Cause, East of Eden, Lady and the Tramp, To Catch a Thief, The Night of the Hunter and The Seven Year Itch. The only one of those that I have seen is Lady and the Tramp. Others that I know include Guys and Dolls, The Ladykillers, and The DambustersKismet but have not yet watched the film. That’s unusually broad for me – I think the best year since 1942 (soon to be 1943 once I get to the Retro Hugos). Here’s a contemporary trailer, fronted by Burt Lancaster (who we saw two years ago) as the producer; it includes the one scene that perhaps has weathered the years least well.
It is mercifully short, at 91 minutes apparently the shortest film ever to win the Oscar for Best Picture (or equivalent) – that’s less than 40% of Gone With the Wind
. It’s the story of the eponymous Marty, a New York butcher who thinks he will never find love, and then actually does. I found it a charming character study and portrayal of a place and time, beautifully shot; not utterly compelling, but convincing enough. I’m putting it between a third and halfway down my list, between It Happened One Night
and The Life of Emile Zola
(1937). (Technical note: a bit surprised to find yet another black-and-white film made this late.)
Whitewashing: To start with the usual complaint: the black population of the Bronx was not massive in the 1950s – 6.7% in the 1950 census, 11.5% in 1960 – and, sure, the story is mainly set in the Italian community, but I don’t think that excuses there not being a single black person visible in the entire film. (Just for reference: we’ve had two black speaking parts altogether since Gone With the Wind, 16 years ago.)
Plot: Although it’s a romance, I was pleased thatthe film ends before the story does; the last shot is of Marty phoning Clara to ask her out. We are fairly certain that she will say yes, but who knows where their future will lead?The chemistry between Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair as Marty and Clara is very watchable, and nicely filmed.
The two of them are also well located in their respective somewhat suffocating family backgrounds. (I note that Clara’s parents sleep in separate beds, per the Code.)
It loses marks, of course, for the gender stereotypes (though both main characters are shown as trapped by their parents’ and peers’ expectations), and there is one rather skeevy moment between the two principals. That aside…
Borgnine: As the central character, Borgnine is hugely convincing. He does a tremendous eye-roll in his first scene, as various women customers nag him to get married; his punching a street sign in joy after his accidental date with Clara is a lovely moment; and as well as the chemistry with Betsy Blair, he is great with Joe Mantell as his friend Angie and Esther Minciotti as his mother. I didn’t get anything like as vivid an impression of him in From Here to Eternity.
Cinematography: The best aspect of the film for me was its solid portrayal of the Bronx as a place. There are a couple of key moments here – one of them is the opening street scene, set on Arthur Avenue in Belmont, the Bronx. I’m glad to report that the butcher’s shop where Marty works is still extant, now Vincent’s Meat Market at no. 2374.
A more recent iconic video filmed around the same location: Lady Gaga’s Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say).
One scene that particularly intrigued me for its setting was the dance hall. Look at the top there – that’s actually a disco ball! I ahd no idea that they were around that early, but that only shows that I haven’t watched Casablanca closely enough, because there’s one visible in one of the flashback scenes.
Anyway, it is charming enough. You can get it here.
The film was based on a teleplay – the first such to win an Oscar for best Picture – so there’s no book to read and I don’t think the original script is available (though the shooting script for the film is online
Next up, after a run of seven films with more or less contemporary settings, it’s back to the nineteenth century and Around the World in Eighty Days.
1920s: Wings (1927-28) | The Broadway Melody (1928-29)
1930s: All Quiet on the Western Front (1929-30) | Cimarron (1930-31) | Grand Hotel (1931-32) | Cavalcade (1932-33) | It Happened One Night (1934) | Mutiny on the Bounty (1935, and books) | The Great Ziegfeld (1936) | The Life of Emile Zola (1937) | You Can’t Take It with You (1938) | Gone with the Wind (1939, and book)
1940s: Rebecca (1940) | How Green Was My Valley (1941) | Mrs. Miniver (1942) | Casablanca (1943) | Going My Way (1944) | The Lost Weekend (1945) | The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) | Gentleman’s Agreement (1947) | Hamlet (1948) | All the King’s Men (1949)
1950s: All About Eve (1950) | An American in Paris (1951) | The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) | From Here to Eternity (1953) | On The Waterfront (1954, and book) | Marty (1955) | Around the World in Eighty Days (1956) | The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) | Gigi (1958) | Ben-Hur (1959)
1960s: The Apartment (1960) | West Side Story (1961) | Lawrence of Arabia (1962) | Tom Jones (1963) | My Fair Lady (1964) | The Sound of Music (1965) | A Man for All Seasons (1966) | In the Heat of the Night (1967) | Oliver! (1968) | Midnight Cowboy (1969)
1970s: Patton (1970) | The French Connection (1971) | The Godfather (1972) | The Sting (1973) | The Godfather, Part II (1974) | One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1975) | Rocky (1976) | Annie Hall (1977) | The Deer Hunter (1978) | Kramer vs. Kramer (1979)
1980s: Ordinary People (1980) | Chariots of Fire (1981) | Gandhi (1982) | Terms of Endearment (1983) | Amadeus (1984) | Out of Africa (1985) | Platoon (1986) | The Last Emperor (1987) | Rain Man (1988) | Driving Miss Daisy (1989)
1990s: Dances With Wolves (1990) | The Silence of the Lambs (1991) | Unforgiven (1992) | Schindler’s List (1993) | Forrest Gump (1994) | Braveheart (1995) | The English Patient (1996) | Titanic (1997) | Shakespeare in Love (1998) | American Beauty (1999)
21st century: Gladiator (2000) | A Beautiful Mind (2001) | Chicago (2002) | The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) | Million Dollar Baby (2004, and book) | Crash (2005) | The Departed (2006) | No Country for Old Men (2007) | Slumdog Millionaire (2008) | The Hurt Locker (2009)